what is salat | what time is salat | how to perfom salat?

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what is salat?

The literal meaning of the word Salat is supplication, forgiveness and mercy.

 Ibn Manzoor, Lisan Al-Arab

Allah says:

وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلاَتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ.

And (you) pray for them, surely your 

prayer (salat) is (for) gratification for them.”

At-Tawbah,3

هُوَ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَلَائِكَتُهُ

It is He who sends blessings upon you and His angels.”

Al-Ahzab

Salat in the term of Shari’ah

Salat in the term of Shari’ah refers to the pure way of worshiping Allah and His servitude which Allah taught to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prescribed specific actions. The exhortation to pay at times is called prayer in common words. Allah says:

إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًاO

Indeed, prayer is obligatory on the believers according to the appointed time.”

how to perfom salat?

An-Nisa

 Allama Jazeeri while defining the term Salat writes:

“Salaat in the terminology of fiqh is a collection of words and actions that begin with Takbeer-e-Tahreeema and end with Salam.”

 Jaziri, The Book of Fiqh on the Four Schools, 1: 279

what time is salat

Time of Fajr: 

It is from dawn till sunrise. Subh Sadiq refers to a light that appears in the upper part of the sky from the east and gradually increases. Fajr prayer (salat)should be performed before sunrise.

Time of Zuhr: 

The time of Zuhr and Jumu’ah is from the setting of the sun until the time when the shadow of everything, the shadow becomes a few in addition to the real one. Real shadow means the shadow that everything has at the time of decay. Before the fall, the shadow of everything decreases and does not decrease or increase for two and a half minutes, this is the real shadow. After that, i.e. after the fall, the shadow increases. Even the shadow of everything is doubled. So, according to us, the time of noon is until the shadow of everything becomes two hundred.

The argument of Imam Azam (may God have mercy on him) is the pure hadith narrated by Imam Tirmidhi on the authority of Ibn Abbas (may God be pleased with him).

On the authority of Ibn Abbas that the Prophet, may God’s prayers (salats) and peace be upon him and his family, said, “Gabriel told me to be instructed twice at the house.”

(Tirmidhi, 21:1)

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said that Jibraeel led congregation twice in Baitullah Sharif. Asr taught for the first time when everything was just a shadow. The second time, the gathering was held when the shadow of everything was reduced to a few.

It is better that Zuhr should be offered before the sunset and Asr after two hours. In this holy hadith, he clearly stated that the second time, he made a congregation on two occasions. So, according to our Hanafi, when the shadow falls, the time of Zuhr salat ends and the time of Asr begins.

There is not so much difference in the rest of the prayers. When the sun sets, Asr time ends and Maghrib begins. As soon as the whiteness of the south and north ends after sunset, Maghrib salat time ends and Isha begins. Maghrib time is one hour 18, 20 minutes. And it is time for Isha until dawn.

Allah and His Messenger know best.

how to perfom salat

(Method of Salah)(Hanafi)

Stand erect facing the Qiblah in the state of Wudu with a distance of four fingers between feet. Now raise both hands making thumbs touch the ear lobes. Fingers should neither be too close together nor too wide apart; instead, they should remain in a normal position, palms facing the Qiblah. Eyesight should be focused at the place of Sajdah. Now make a firm intention (in your heart) of the Salah that you are about to offer. To say it verbally is better (for example, “I intend to offer four Rak at for today’s Fard Zuhar Salah.”) If you are in a Jama’at, add the words “following this Imam.”

Now, utter Takbir-e-Tahrimah (1) lowering your hands and fold

them below navel with right palm on the back of left wrist joint, three middle fingers straight on the back of left forearm and thumb and small finger making a loop on either side of wrist. Now recite Sana like this:

شبختكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدكَ وَلا إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

Glory is to You Ya Allah I praise You, Blessed is Your name. Your greatness is lofty and none is worthy of worship except You

Then recite the Ta’aw-wuż

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

I seek refuge of Allah from the accursed satan.

Then recite the Tasmiyah:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

Commencing with the name of Allah. Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

Then recite the whole of Surah Fatihah:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَلَمِينَ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ مَلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ اهْدِنَا القِرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ صِرَاطَ الَّذِيْنَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ )

All praises due to Allah, Sustainer of the entire creation. The Most Compassionate, Most Merciful. Owner of the Day of compensation. May we worship you alone, and seek help from You alone. Enable us to walk the straight path. The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour. Not of those who have been subjected to wrath, and not of those who went astray.

After you finish Surah Fatihah, utter (Amin) in low volume and then recite either three short Ayahs or one long Ayah that is equivalent to three short Ayahs or any Sürah such as Surah Ikhlas.

بسم اللہ الرحمٰن الرحیم 

Commencing with the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ الله الصَّمَدُ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ

يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ

Declare He is Allah, He is one. Allah is absolute self-reliant. He has no progeny, nor is He born from anyone. And there is none equal to Him.

Now bow down for Ruku uttering, Hold knees firmly with both palms and keep fingers spread out. The back should be straight and head should also be in the straightness of the back (not lower or higher than the back); in Ruku, focus eyesight at feet. Recite سبحان ربی العظیم at least three times in Ruku. Then utter the Tasmi and stand erect; the standing after Ruku’ is called Qawmah. If you are a اللهم ربنا لك الحمد Muntarid then utter Then, go down for Sajdah uttering placing your knees first on the ground, then hands and then head (nose first and then the forehead) in between your hands. Make it sure that your nasal bone (not just the tip of your nose) and your forehead properly rest on the ground, in Sajdah, focus eyesight at nose; keep arms separated from sides, belly from thighs and thighs from shins (but if you are in a Jama’at then keep arms close to sides).

The tips of all ten toes should be towards Qiblah with their soles flattened with the ground. Your palms should be flat on the ground with fingers facing Qiblah, but do not keep the forearms touching the ground.

Now recite سبحان ربی الاعلیٰ at least three times; then lift your head (forehead first then nose), then hands and sit up straight; keep your right foot upright with its toes facing Qiblah; lay your left foot flat and sit on it; place your palms on your thighs close to your knees with your fingers facing Qiblah and their tips by the knees.

Sitting in between two Sujud is called Jalsah. One must stay in this position for at least the amount of time in which سبحان اللہ can once be uttered (to utter الھم اغفرلیin Jalsah is Mustabbab۔

Now, perform the second Sajdah uttering in the same way as the first one.

Now, raise the head first, then stand up with the support of your toes placing your hands on your knees. Do not lean hands unnecessarily on the ground while standing up. You have now completed one Rak’at۔

In the second Rak’at بسم اللہ الرحمٰن الرحیم, start with and then recite Süra e-Fatihah and another Surah, then do the Ruku’ and Sujud as you did in the first Rak’at۔

After completing the second Sajdah (of the second Rak’at) sit up straight with your right foot upright and your left foot flat

To sit after the second Sajdah of the second Rak’at is called Qa’dah. Recite Tashahhud in Qa’dah:

التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصلوتُ وَالطَّيِّبَتُ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وبركاته السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصُّلِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا الله وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوله

All types of worship Le, oral, physical and monetary are for Allah Salutation be upon you Ya Nabi and the mercy and blessings of Allah. Salutation be upon us and the pious men of Allah. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I testify that Muhammad is His (distinguish) Servant and Rasal

When you are about to utter the word لا in Tashahhud, form a circle with the middle finger and thumb of your right hand and put the tips of your ring-finger and the pinkie at palm; as soon as you begin to utter the word “لا” (immediately after اشھد ال””), raise your index finger without waving it side to side. When you آلا reach put it down and straighten your all fingers out instantly. If you are offering more than two Rak’at, stand up erect utteringاللہ اکبر۔

If it is Fard Salah, بسم اللہ الرحمٰن الرحیم recite only and Sura-e-Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak at, an additional Surah is not needed. The rest of the acts must be performed in the same way as before۔

However, if it is a Sunnah Salah or Nafl Salah, then Surah shall be added after Surah Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at (You must remember that if you are offering the Salah following an Imam, you cannot recite anything in the Qiyam of any Rak’at, you must stand However, if it is a Sunnah Salah or Nafl Salah, then Sürah shall be added after Surah Fatihah in the third and fourth Rak’at (You must remember that if you are offering the Salah following an Imam, you cannot recite anything in the Qiyam of any Rak’at, you must stand quietly). Once you have offered all four Rak’at, sit in Qa’dah-e-Akhirah, and then recite Tashahhud and the Durüd-e-Ibrāhīm علیھم السلام,

اللهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى أَل إِبْرَاهِيمَ إنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مجيدُ اللَّهُمَّ بَاركَ على محمد وعَلَى الِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارکت عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ

وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مجيد

O Allah send Durüd on (our Master) Muhammad and on his descendents as You sent Durüd on (our Master) Ibrahim and his descendents. Indeed you alone are praise worthy and Glorious. O Allah shower Your blessings on (our Master) Muhammad and his descendents as You showered blessings on (our Master) Ibrahim and his descendents. Indeed You are praise worthy and Glorious,

Then recite any Du’a-e-Mašurah e.g

(اللَّهُمَّ) رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً

 

وفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

(O Allah) Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of hell-fire.

 

Then, to finish the Salah, first turn face towards right shoulder saying and then towards left shoulder saying the same السلام عليكم ورحمة الله words. Now your Salah has completed,

A Few Differences in the Salah of Islamic Sisters

The afore-mentioned method of Salah is for an Imam or a man offering individually. There are some differences between the Salah of Islamic sisters and that of Islamic brothers. At the time of Takbir-e-Tahrimah, Islamic sisters should raise their hands up to their shoulders, their hands should remain covered in their shawl. In Qiyam, Islamic sisters should place their left palm on chest just below their breast and put the right palm on the back of the left palm, Islamic sisters should bow slightly in Ruka’ ie. to the extent of placing their hands on their knees. They should neither apply weight to their knees nor hold them; their fingers should be close together and feet should be slightly bent Le. not completely straight, like men. Islamic sisters should perform Sajdah keeping their body parts close together, Le. arms touching sides, belly touching thighs, thighs touching shins and shins touching the ground. In Sajdah and Qa’dah, they should draw their feet out towards the right side.

In Qa’dah, they should sit on their left buttock. They should place their right and left hands on the middle of their right and left thighs respectively. The rest method is like that of men.

Both Should Pay Attention!

Some of the acts described in the method of Salah for Islamic brothers and Islamic sisters are Fard without which the Salah will not be valid whereas some acts are Wajib leaving which deliberately is a sin; repenting of it and repeating such a Salah is Wajib. In case of missing a Wajib forgetfully, Sajdah Sahw becomes Wajib. Some of the acts in Salah are Sunnat-e-Muakkadah, making a habit of abandoning a Sunnat-e- Muakkadah is a sin. Similarly, some of the acts in Salah are Mustahab, performing a Mustahab is an act of Sawab while leaving a Mustahab is not a sin.

I am Muhammad Adnan Khan Chunda. I am student(Talib e Ilm) Of Jamia Muhammadiya Hanfiya Sulamani Near Jatta Adda Naivela. I love To Teach You Islamic Information like Masail,Hadees and Quotes of Bazurgane din.

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